03 April 2014

#124 Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea bacteria,
Credit: Science photo library
Gonorrhoea is caused by bacteria that can be passed from one person to another during sexual intercourse. Neisseria bacterium is a small, round cell. It can only survive in moist places, such as tissues lining the tubes in the productive systems of a man and a woman. 

  • If gonorrhoea bacteria are living in a woman’s vagina or a man’s urethra, the infection can be passed during sexual intercourse. 
  • The first symptoms occurs 2-7 days after infection. 
  • Man: the bacteria reproduce inside the urethra ---> unpleasant discharge and pain when urinating.
  • Woman: the bacteria reproduce mostly in the cervix, although they can also do so in the vagina ---> many woman do not notice discharge or suffer a pain as men do. 
  • Most men with gonorrhoea know that they have it, many women are unaware that they have the infection.    

Signs and symptoms

- Sores on penis
- Discharge of pus from penis
- Pain when urinating

- Damage to urinary  and reproductive organs  
- Sterility
- Blindness in a baby born  to a mother with the disease.
e.g. penicillin
- Discharge of pus from vagina, but not always obvious
- Often no symptoms

Severe eye pathology in a baby born to a mother
with gonorrhoea: 
eyelids swollen, profuse purulent discharge.
If untreated blindness may result.

Credit: cehjournal.org

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